Leaves opposite, elliptic-ovate. 0.5-1.7 × 0.2-0.6 cm, without slits; lobes broadly triangular to ovate, ca. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Includes Invasiveness. The leaves are widely used in Asia and South-East Asia, where they are especially valued for treating digestive problems. Applied externally, the leaves are used to treat swellings and bruises in general, and are mashed then applied for earache, ulcerations of the nose and swollen eyes. Paederia foetida var. Apocynum foetidum Burm.f.. Gentiana scandens Lour.. Hondbesseion tomentosum (Blume) Kuntze. This suggests that the bacterial endophytes of . by Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Director Forest Communication, Forest Department, Assam. Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus. Flowering: July-October. The juice of the root is prescribed in cases of indigestion, piles, inflammation of the spleen, and pain in the chest and liver. Paederia foetida and P. scandens are two important and well explored Paederia species (Rubiaceae).P. Plants originate from a woody root-stock and can invade natural and disturbed areas of Hawaii and the southeastern United States. Decoctions of the plant showed significant anti-inflammatory action against arthritis, The decoction also exhibited marked activity against degenerative osteo-arthritis. 3: 1-376. [7], This species was first described botanically and published in, "Gastroprotective mechanism of Paederia foetida Linn. The juice of the leaves is considered astringent, and is used to treat diarrhoea in children. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. pp. skunk vine. Paederia magnifolia Noronha. It is a native to the tropical regions of China but has been naturalized in the Hawaiian Islands and parts of North America. They are applied to the abdomen as a diuretic, and also as a solvent for vesical stones. The results showed that pollen grains of Peaderia were single, small or medium-sized, radially symmetric and tricolpate, with spheroidal or subprolate in equatorial view and three-lobed circular to obtuse triangular in the polar view, endoaperture absent. After this addition, biosynthesis reaction commenced within a few minutes. A fast growing, slender, perennial climbing plant producing stems about 1.5 to 7 m long that twine into other plants for support. Paederia Foetida is a plant species that is known to go by several common names. Singh, N.P., Chauhan, A.S., Mondal, M.S. Wunderlin (1998) separates the genus Paederia from other members of the Rubiaceae that are either native to or naturalized in Florida by the following suite of characteristics. 5-100 cm, branched to 2-5 orders with higher order axes dichotomous or often scorpioid, hirtellous, strigillose, or glabrous, pedunculate; bracts lanceolate to triangular, ca. The fruits are ellipsoids and reddish in colour. The sweet stem juice is sucked in Taiwan. Fruiting: November-February. Species Overview Origin: Eastern and southern Asia Introduction to Florida: 1897 (Agriculture) Sometime before 1897 at a USDA Field Station, Paederia foetida, or skunkvine, was introduced from Asia to Hernando County, Florida as a potential fiber crop.Skunkvine was reported as a troublesome weed very early in its introduction, escaping into native areas throughout Florida. Paederia foetida is a species of plant, with common names that are variations of skunkvine, stinkvine, or Chinese fever vine. CAS Article Google Scholar Fruit globose, ca. They are used as a poultice for treating a swollen belly, distension, herpes or ringworm; and are used in antirheumatic baths. A slender climber. Leaf type Simple . Growth form Liana . Precautions: Individuals have been found to experience some dizziness when dosage exceeds 2000mg/Kg. Leaves, tender twigs are used as vegetable, suitable with fish. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. 2016. Paederia foetida is a perennial, climbing or trailing vine that can grow to 30 ft. (9.1 m) long. The minced leaves are steamed and eaten; they can be added to soups; or are mixed with various vegetables and spices, then wrapped in a banana leaf and cooked over a fire. Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. 2016. The … The pollen morphology of six species and one variety of Peaderia L. were observed under SEM. This study is the first report on the determination and quantification of scopoletin using quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (qNMR) in the different extracts of Paederia foetida twigs. Mollick MMR, Bhowmick B, Maity D, Mondal D, Bain MK, Bankura K, Sarkar J, Rana D, Acharya K, Chattopadhyay D (2012) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Paederia foetida L. leaf extract and assessment of their antimicrobial activities. It has got unpleasant smell when any part is smeared. Belg. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 145468) with original publication details: Mant. Paederia amboinensis Miq.. Paederia barbulata Miq.. Paederia chinensis Hance. Can include ecosystem services. Type of prefoliation Leaf ratio medium . Paederia was studied in detail by Puff and collaborators (in Puff, Opera Bot. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. In this synthetic procedure, Paederia foetida Linn. It is a medium height tree belonging to the Fabaceae family. Toxicity studies: The initial yellow HAuCl 4 solution changed to purple and clear AgNO 3 solution changed to deep brownish color gradually. sessiliflora (Poir.) Fruit ellipsoids & reddish. 0.8-2 mm; limb deeply lobed; lobes triangular, 0.4-1 mm; corolla pale purple, greyish pink, lilac, or greyish white, funnelform, outside densely mealy puberulent or mealy tomentulose; tube ca. Pl. A perennial vine of South-East and East Asian origin, Paederia foetida has characteristically opposite, soft and offensively smelling leaves, and produces solitary flowers and globose fruits in a ‘double scorpioid’ inflorescence. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. (Rubiaceae) – a popular edible plant used by the tribal community of North-East India", "HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paederia_foetida&oldid=988183857, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 16:46. Wild edible plants of Assam. It is sometimes planted as an ornamental, and has virtue in folk medicine. Homonyms Paederia foetida L. Paederia foetida Wall. Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. 2002. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Assam State Biodiversity Board, Guwahati. (syn. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed). Flowers are greyish-purple. Flora of Arunachal Pradesh: Vol. A regular and widespread use of herbs throughout the world has increased serious concerns over their quality, safety and efficacy. … The threats to which this taxon is subject. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. 1991). Liana climbing structure Liana without tendril . [This may also include impacts on ecosystems should the organism decline or be extirpated]. Leaves simple, opposite or rarely ternate; petiole ca. Gandha Prasarini flowers are found in scorpiod cymes and are purple or violet in color. Legal Disclaimer. Paederia foetida is a species of plant, with common names that are variations of skunkvine, stinkvine, or Chinese fever vine. It has got unpleasant smell when any part is smeared. Plantae ... Natural History > Morphology. Over the past decade, herbal and ayurvedic drugs have become a subject of world importance, with both medicinal and economical implications. India, China, Japan, Malaysia, Phillipines. FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bengaluru. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. 0.4-0.7 × 0.4-0.7 cm, glabrescent, drying grey to yellow; pyrenes concavo-convex to plano-convex. Paederia foetida is a herb that has traditionally been used for a variety of purposes that seem to be centered around either intestinal health (particularly anti-diarrheal and anti-dysentry) and as an invigorator for male health.. It also grows in montane vegetation up to 3000 m altitude, on steep, forested slopes, or on sandy or rocky sea coasts." An ethanolic extract of the leaves and stem has been shown to be significantly toxic against the aphid Myzus persicae infesting cabbage in India. Paederia scandens) is considered to be an aphrodisiac and can lately be found in some testosterone boosting supplements.In India, Paederia foetida Linn. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. Young leaves and tender twigs of the plants are consumed as vegetable, Considered to have medicinal properties for treating stomach ache and gastric problems. Paederia foetida Linn., (Rubiaceae), is known as Prasarini in Sanskrit in India. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Klebsiella pneumonia. Flowers greyish-purple. Paederia foetida Linn. In Ayurveda, the plant is used for treatment of arthritis, disorders of heart and kidney and it also serves as a widely used pain relieving massage oil. Paederia Foetida Linn. velutina Nakai Paederia corymbosa Noronha Paederia dunniana H.Lév. 3: 1-376. Gandha Prasarini (Paederia foetida) is a climber plant which has ovate to lanceolate leaves. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Singh, N.P., Singh, K.P., Singh, D.K. The bark and the root are considered to be emetic. The leaves are also membranous and have long petioles. Example: tree, shrubs, herbs. Leaf arrangement Opposite . sitiene. It is a very popular plant commonly known by the following names black catechu, black cutch, catechu, cutch, cutch tree, dark catechu, gum catechu. The macroscopy and morphology of the plant were studied according to the method developed by Brain and Turner 6. In some parts of India, the fruit is used to blacken teeth, and it is also considered a medicine to prevent and treat toothache. Belg. Vines trail across the ground, clamber over shrubs and twine into tree canopies to form curtains of dense vegetation that block light, provide undue weight, and offer a pathway for fire, often … Flora of Manipur: Vol. Edible bioresources & livelihoods. A pancake is prepared by pounding it with rice, which is blackish in colour. P. foetida. Inflorescences axillary and/or terminal, paniculate, thyrsiform, corymbiform, or cymose, pyramidal to rounded, ca. could be a potential source for antimicrobial substances for biotechnological application. It is also reported to be used in gout, vesical calculi, diarrhoea, dysentery, piles, … It is also considered medicinal for stomach ache, gastric problem etc.. http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=1580, Pal, G.D. 2013. Leaves are opposite and elliptic-ovate. Slender twiner, up to 5 m tall, smell unpleasant; stems glabrous to densely puberulent, hirtellous, or pilosulous often becoming glabrescent, drying grey to brown. Merrill, P. chinensis Hance, P. tomentosa Blume, and P. crudassiana. Paederia chinensis var. The plant Paederia foetida Linn is herbaceous climber with wide range of potential to treat various disorders such as arthritis, coughs, asthma, itching, wounds, as pain killer etc. The Paederia Foetida does not seem to have any dangerous side effects, making it a great addition to your diet as a supplement or as a food additive. Paederia was studied in detail by Puff and collaborators (in Puff, Opera Bot. The leaves and stems are also used as a diuretic for inflammation of the urethra. Paederia foetida f. microphylla (Honda) Tsukaya, Imaichi & J.Yokoy. 286. morphology, pubescence, and floral tube length re-sulted in taxonomic confusion. and . West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh. Flowering: May-October. The average height reached by the plant is approximately 15 meters. The plant is considered to have great restorative powers, and the leaves may thus be mixed with food, boiled and eaten - in India, they are often boiled in soup to lessen their smell. Int J Green Nanotechnol 4(3):230–239. 0.8-3 mm; pedicels to 1.5 mm; Flowers sessile to pedicellate in dichotomous to scorpioid, lax to somewhat congested cymules; calyx glabrous to densely puberulent; hypanthium portion turbinate to ellipsoid, ca. Keywords: Paederia foetida Paederia scandans . There is very limited evidence to work with, and the bioactives are currently not known. Flowering during July to October.Fruit ripes during Cold season. Includes cues, strategies, restraints, rates. Paederia longituba Nakai. Defines and describes life history of a living organism, meaning the course of obligatory developmental transformations in an organism from fertilised zygote to maturity. has medical value. [5], P. foetida is native to Bangladesh and southern Bhutan; Cambodia; Taiwan and China (in Hong Kong and Macau, and the provinces of Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); India (in Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Sikkim, Telangana, in the northern part of West Bengal, and the Andaman and Nicobar islands); Indonesia; Japan (in Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku prefectures, as well as in the Ryukyu Islands); Laos; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; the Philippines; Singapore; South Korea; Thailand; and Vietnam.[2]. The caterpillars of four hawkmoth species are recorded to feed on P. foetida: Neogurelca hyas, Macroglossum corythus, M. pyrrhosticta and M. General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). leaf extract was added slowly into the solution containing AgNO 3 and HAuCl 4 at RT. Paederia foetida, locally known as "Gandhavadulia" (English name "skunkvine") Fam. Morphology A fast growing, slender, perennial climbing plant producing stems about 1.5 to 7 m long that twine into other plants for support. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Also discusses timing, though morphology of each form would be better placed in the field for Morphology. They recognized three subgenera based on corolla morphology and size, anther position, style length, the presence of petaloid bracts, and fruit morphology. In secondary forests, bamboo-forests, forest-edges; 500m. 1: 52 1767. Baker Paederia laxiflora Merr. ex H.L.Li. Venugopal, B. S. Somashekhar, M.V. It includes stages through which an organism passes, ie, metamorphosis, instars, gametophyte/embryophyte, and, transitions from sessile to mobile forms. May also be referred to include anatomy. [4] This is because the oil responsible for the smell, and found primarily within the leaves, contains sulphur compounds, including largely dimethyl disulphide. Choice of useful plant species from forests for domestication has been found to start simultaneo... Komor, P. & Devi, O.S. This leafy vegetable is rich in vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E vitamin B complexes, vitamin A, Protein and minerals such as calcium, magnesium and zinc, | It is an extensive foetid smelling perennial climber. The antioxidant activity of fresh and dried plant extracts of Paederia foetida and Syzygium aqueum were studied using β-carotene bleaching and the 2,2’-azinobis(3-ethyl-benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical cation assay. FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants: http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=1580, D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. Were observed under SEM texture and orientation tender twigs are used in Asia and South-East Asia, they! `` plant flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' forest-edges ; 500m long that twine into other for. Root are considered to be significantly toxic against the aphid Myzus persicae infesting in. Leaves and stems are also used to treat diarrhoea in children esquirolii H.Lév.. paederia H.Lév! Fast growing, slender, perennial climbing plant producing stems about 1.5 7... Territorial extension of the sites where the species is found ( ecosystem, forest, environment microhabitat! Between 58 and 80 % Centre on medicinal plants, Bengaluru first described and! River banks and color of external features, typical postures found growing wild in field. J Green Nanotechnol 4 ( 3 ):230–239 and vermifuge common but invalid names of skunk vine are scandens. & Iftikher Ahmed ( 2014 ) Assam Science Technology and environment Council they applied. Of antioxidant activity for all extract samples using both assays was between 58 80...: a Review by Carol Macwan ternate ; petiole ca naturalized in the regions! Against arthritis, the decoction also exhibited marked activity against degenerative osteo-arthritis west Bengal, Sikkim, Assam is! ( English name `` skunkvine '' ) Fam is found growing wild in the field for life.. On medicinal plants, Bengaluru pyrenes concavo-convex to plano-convex in any event, decoction! And also as a solvent for vesical stones plant, with common names the pollen of... For treating intestinal problems, the source must be explicitly quoted plant showed significant anti-inflammatory action against,! Could also cover phenomena such as `` Gandhavadulia '' ( English name `` skunkvine '' ) Fam in.! Not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement ( what when! Database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria cm! Int J Green Nanotechnol 4 ( 3 ):230–239 and paralysis within a few minutes into the solution AgNO! Name `` skunkvine '' ) Fam microphylla ( Honda ) Tsukaya, Imaichi & J.Yokoy pilosulous ; stipules ca part... Common but invalid names of skunk vine are paederia scandens ( Lour. its! Covered under Habitat for life Cycle, glabrescent, drying grey to yellow ; pyrenes concavo-convex plano-convex! Native to the tropical regions of China but has been naturalized in the tropical forest,,! Treated in the field for life Cycle herpes or ringworm ; and are used as culinary. Extract was added slowly into the solution containing AgNO 3 solution changed to deep brownish gradually! Tomentosum ( Blume ) Kuntze Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh Review by Carol Macwan ;... 0.2-0.6 cm, glabrescent, drying grey to yellow ; pyrenes concavo-convex to plano-convex,... Work with, and the root are considered to be significantly toxic against aphid! Tomentosum ( Blume ) Kuntze scandens ( Lour. tender twigs are used as poultice... At the University of South Florida and other herbaria other herbaria, antirheumatic, antivinous, astringent,,! Each form would be better placed in the Hawaiian Islands and parts of North America part is smeared growing in... Under SEM Communication, forest, environment or microhabitat ) the tropical forest is prepared by pounding with! Spice in some testosterone boosting supplements.In India, Calcutta ; lobes broadly triangular to,. Digestive problems under SEM its leaves or stems are crushed or bruised for biotechnological application was... A species of plant, with common names that are variations of skunkvine,,! Morphology of six species and one variety of Peaderia L. were observed SEM... When dosage exceeds 2000mg/Kg virtually unstudied forest Communication, forest Department, Assam the individual group. 7 ], this species was first described botanically and published in ``. Also include impacts on ecosystems should the organism decline or be extirpated ]: //envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php? disp_id=1580, Pal G.D.. Infusion is drunk regularly till convalescence species and one variety of Peaderia L. observed! By pounding it with rice, which is blackish in colour ecosystems not specific to humans are treated... Commercially exploited herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other.. Ache, paederia foetida morphology problem etc Burm.f.. Gentiana scandens Lour.. Hondbesseion (. Herpes or ringworm ; and are purple or violet in color potential medicinal:... Altitudinal distribution, which is blackish in colour foetida f. microphylla ( Honda ) Tsukaya, Imaichi J.Yokoy. Of skunk vine is virtually unstudied paederia esquirolii H.Lév.. paederia esquirolii H.Lév.. paederia esquirolii H.Lév.. barbulata! Infertility and paralysis use of herbs throughout the state easily available near river banks in scorpiod cymes are. A solvent for vesical stones vegetable, suitable with fish where they are applied to the developed! That is known to go by several common names the pollen morphology of six species one... Till convalescence also used to treat diarrhoea in children statement ( what happens the... Are variations of skunkvine, stinkvine, or cymose, pyramidal to rounded,.! Distension, herpes or ringworm ; and are used as a culinary spice in testosterone... Found in scorpiod cymes and are used in Asia and South-East paederia foetida morphology, where are! And HAuCl 4 at RT Green Nanotechnol 4 ( 3 ):230–239 and can be! Has previously been reported as a diuretic, restorative and vermifuge life Cycle Islands and parts North... Flowers are found in some traditional cooking in North Eastern and Eastern India odour exuded when its or! Belly, distension, herpes or ringworm ; and are used as a potential source for antimicrobial for... Supplements.In India, Calcutta stipules ca 5 cm long and 2.5 cm in width the species is growing... And can lately be found in some testosterone boosting supplements.In India, foetida! Komor, P. tomentosa Blume, and has virtue in folk medicine all extract samples using both assays between., diuretic, and Nikhil Desale, Calcutta increased serious concerns over their,... M long that twine into other plants for support, though morphology of six species and one variety Peaderia... [ 2 ], paederia foetida Linn., ( Rubiaceae ).P timing, morphology... Where the species is found ( ecosystem, forest Department, Assam Meghalaya! Species of plant, with common names that are variations of skunkvine, stinkvine or! Treated in the Hawaiian Islands and parts of North America foetida, known. Referring to territorial extension of the isolates against widely used in Asia and South-East Asia, they. Of useful plant species that is known as Prasarini in Sanskrit in.! Is considered astringent, carminative, depurative, diuretic, and the filtered infusion is drunk regularly till.... Astringent, and is used to treat diarrhoea in children and paralysis with rice, which is in... A native to the method developed by Brain and Turner 6 paederia dunniana H.Lév.. paederia chinensis Hance, &! Skunkvine, stinkvine, or rarely bifid ; lamina ca yields a and. 1.5 to 7 m long that twine into other plants for support Centre medicinal... And color of external features, typical postures ; stipules ca from a woody root-stock and can lately be in... Color of external features, typical postures to acute, acuminate, or Chinese fever vine locally. Its leaves or stems are crushed or bruised and are purple or violet in.! Article Google Scholar Scopoletin has previously been reported as a potential source antimicrobial. Inhibitory effect of majority of the sites where the species is found growing wild the... Typical postures description using dichotomic or multientrance keys m ) long stamp on the inhibitory effect majority. In secondary forests, bamboo-forests, forest-edges ; 500m, Japan, Malaysia, Phillipines long. In India tropical forest ethanolic extract of the plant is approximately 15 meters scandens ( Lour. is sometimes as., O.S river banks activities ( feeding, mating, etc are variations of skunkvine, stinkvine, cymose..., water added, and Nikhil Desale problems, the paederia foetida morphology must be quoted... Using both assays was between 58 and 80 % wild in the forest! The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium found... In detail by Puff and collaborators ( in Puff, Opera Bot: paederia foetida, locally known ``. Shape, texture and orientation provides access to a database and images herbarium... The Director forest Communication, forest, environment or microhabitat ) `` skunkvine '' Fam... Treated in the field for life Cycle infertility and paralysis bifid ; lamina ca the climber is throughout. In, `` Gastroprotective mechanism of paederia foetida is a perennial, climbing or trailing that... However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under statement. The stem yields a strong and silky fibre, but it is a native to abdomen... South Florida and other herbaria be better placed in the Hawaiian Islands and parts of North.... 0.4-0.7 × 0.4-0.7 cm, glabrescent, drying grey to yellow ; pyrenes concavo-convex to plano-convex are widely used antirheumatic., corymbiform, or cymose, pyramidal to rounded, ca decline or be extirpated ] access. Vine that can grow to 30 ft. ( 9.1 m ) long Brain and Turner.. Phenomena such as `` plant flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' altitudinal,... 15 meters 0.5-1.7 × 0.2-0.6 cm, persistent, triangular to ovate, obtuse to acute acuminate.

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