THE MUTUAL INTELLIGIBILITY OF L2 SPEECH - Volume 28 Issue 1. How does a team Misunderstanding in intercultural communication: Interactions in English as a lingua franca and the myth of mutual intelligibility. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. 2 language varieties are dialects of the same language. 30 This language, or mutually intelligible forms of it, is spoken by the coast-dwellers over an extensive area From a linguistic point of view, these terms are problematic! A region is a defined area inhabited by people such as a villa… Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Dialect vs. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Between some languages, there can also be imbalanced mutual intelligibility, known as “asymmetric intelligibility.” This occurs when speakers of one language can understand a related language to a greater degree … Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Mutual intelligibility also occurs in a wide variety of degrees, ranging from none, to partial, to full mutual intelligibility. 14 Comments. Mutual intelligibility is a continuum (that is, a gradient concept), marked by degrees of intelligibility, not by sharp divisions. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. This should be done in a generic way, without imposing specific technical solutions to the Member States, but still setting a basis for mutual recognition and acceptance, e.g. House, J (1999) Misunderstanding in intercultural communication: interactions in English as a lingua franca and the myth of mutual intelligibility. Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. Mutual Intelligibility is a situation in which two or more speakers of a language (or of closely related languages) can understand each other. Other members of the animal kingdom have the ability to communicate, through vocal noises or by other means, but the most important single feature characterizing human language (that is, every individual language), against every known mode of animal communication, is its infinite productivity and creativity. No mutual intelligibility between geographically separated dialects ; No mutual intelligibility with standard French ; Dialect continuity usually no complete breaks, mutual intelligibility at (relatively) short distances ; 47 French traditional dialects. Hindi is mutually intelligible with languages like Bhojpuri, Marwari to a large extent. 0. Sari Kusumaningrum, SS, M.Hum. For individuals to achieve moderate proficiency or understanding in a language (called L2) other than their first language (L1) typically requires considerable time and effort through study and/or practical application.However, many groups of languages are partly mutually intelligible, i.e. On SlideShare. Learn more. It is often said, for instance, that Danes understand Norwegians better than Norwegians understand Danes. A region is a defined area inhabited by people such as a villa… Your result suggests that you are quite capable of making positive connections with others in your organization. Language Shift and Language Maintenance in Indonesia. Language, as described above, is species-specific to human beings. and size of the nanomaterials. 1. What is the difference between a dialect and a language?! If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. (of speech and writing) the quality of being possible to understand: 2. How to classify a variety of speech as either a language or a dialect is one of those never-ending linguistic debates. In: Gnutzmann, C (ed.) Architecture Thesis 2019. How to classify a variety of speech as either a language or a dialect is one of those never-ending linguistic debates. 3. Mutual intelligibility is often cited as a criterion to test whether two. In short, globalization requires mutual intelligibility and common standards (Crystal, 2003; Graddol, 1997; Yano, 2001). A brief history of english language teaching, Chapter 1 Language Learning in Early Childhood, Language,dialect and variation, sociolinguistic, No public clipboards found for this slide, INSTITUTO PRIVADO CARLOS LINNEO en ESCUELA. Using bottom-up synthetic. So it is ridiculous to adopt the Anglo-American standard to govern 297 Actions. Downloads. PAKISTANI ENGLISH Pakistan and Languages Pakistan lies to the North West of the Indian Sub-Continent. Adjective: dialectal. languages, (3) word lists and Recorded Text Tests (RTTS) to determine mutual intelligibility, (4) Sentence Repetition Tests (SRTs) to study multilingualism, (5) questionnaires and observations to record language use and attitudes, and (6) questionnaires to develop language resources for literacy and education. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Updated October 23, 2019. Comprehension based second language teaching. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Similarly, in other countries in which English is an official language, but a large part of the population speak an English-based creole as their first language (e.g. [citation needed] Nevertheless, they retain a high degree of mutual intelligibility despite a number of differences in vocabulary and grammar. However this test does not. mutual intelligibility between the two Slavic languages Czech and Polish. Repeated backchannels (e.g., hm, mhm, yeah) and straightforward answers from other participants confirm that the third person –s is communicatively redundant. in the fields of security policy definition, identification and authentication of patients and healthcare professionals, etc. Aspects. Difference Between Dialect and Slang Definition. A central issue for school language policies and programs is the mutual intelligibility of language varieties. › Mutual intelligibility is sometimes imperfect and asymmetric. Recognition of a standard is based on social agreement; intel- Definition: A regional or social variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, especially a way of speaking that differs from the standard variety of the language. Mutual intelligibility is an important aspect used by linguists in determining whether what someone is speaking is a unique language or simply a dialect of another one. In linguistic study, intelligibility is an important criterion by which languages and dialects are distinguished: Language systems that contrast with each other in some ways but can be the work of Basil BERNSTEIN), language and ethnicity (e.g. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Chapter 1 Language Learning in Early Childhood Vin Simon. 2,529 Comments. international intelligibility through ELF. intelligibility meaning: 1. 0 ... being an effective contributor in the workplace and can benefit those who are skilled at building bonds and developing mutually beneficial relationships. Mutual intelligibility can be either symmetric or … 2015 Emogi Report. (of speech and writing…. In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without prior familiarity or special effort. mutually intelligible (not comparable) (linguistics) Of two or more speech varieties, able to be understood by one another's speakers.1860, Alfred R. Wallace, Notes of a Voyage to New Guinea, in Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Vol. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Between 30–35% of the population consider themselves to be “frequent users,” and this number is on an upward trajectory. Urdu (/ ˈ ʊər d uː /; Urdu: اُردُو ‎, ALA-LC: Urdū) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in South Asia. Difference Between Slang and Dialect. T he Filipino language has two forms for the English word “we/us”: “tayo” and “kami.” In Bahasa Indonesia, the same distinction holds for the pair “kita” and “kami” (Johns 1997). It has 69 languages listed by the international agencies.… The present manuscript is an empirically based theoretical paper that presents, describes, and examines the Bar-On Model of Emotional-Social Intelligence (ESI) in deep. mutual intelligibility between the dialects of neighboring villages, throughout the area, although the intelligibility decreases as the distance increases. Dialect is distinguished by its vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation. This understanding can be in spoken or written communication. In India, Urdu is an Eighth Schedule language whose status, function, and cultural heritage is recognized by the Constitution of India; it has some form of official status in several Indian states. Not onl y used by early-adopters and millennials, a study by Emogi reports that 92% of the online population uses stickers or emoji in text messages, and though Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, GChat, and Snapchat, amongst other platforms. 21 Likes. It has 69 languages listed by the international agencies.… 136 ... Mutual intelligibility Muslimah Alg. Shares. a chain of mutually intelligible `lects' where there is never any clear break in mutual intelligibility, but speakers of dialects at one end don't understand speakers of lects at the other end: Paris to Lisbon; Calcutta to Bombay; the Arabic `dialects' e.g Yemeni to Maghrebi; many (sub)dialects of Chinese. 0 Number of Embeds. (Bamgbose, 2001, p.360) which have international mutual intelligibility and national cultural specificity, since different nations with different historical backgrounds and geographic locations encounter different events and environments, at least different fauna and flora. 0 From Embeds. CERTIFICATE BY THESIS GUIDES We certify that the Thesis titled “PLACEMAKING IN JAIPUR URBAN CENTRE” by GOKUL GOYAL, roll … PDF | Pakistan is one of the most populous countries with diversity in language and culture. such as mutual intellectual stimulation, envisi oning, and identification with t he team. 0 From Embeds. In turn, mother tongue literacy can foster cultural identity and support the strengthening of ethnic communities as well as 1 Musgrave, Simon. 73 – 89). Language!! VARIETIES Downloads. A central issue for school language policies and programs is the mutual intelligibility of language varieties. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Shares. 6) How does th e leader ship network change or evolve ov er tim e? Measuring mutual intelligibility in Scandinavia Sebastian Kürschner, s.kurschner@rug.nl Rijksuniversiteit Groningen Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau International Junior Research Meeting for Junior Applied Linguistics (Anéla/GAL), Groningen, January 24-26, 2007. Existing European and international standards (e.g. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und … Google Scholar Monash University. 2 27-1-2009| 7 Semicommunication Prerequisites: › Language community › Interaction › Symbolic integration 27-1-2009| 8 Semicommunication Observed semicommunication (Zeevaert2004): › Danish -Norwegian -Swedish (Haugen 1966, Maurud1976….) (If this is true it may be because, as Scandinavians sometimes say, ‘Norwegian is pronounced like Danish is spelt’, while Danish pronunciation bears a rather more complex relationship to its own orthography. They might have a particular meaning from a socio-political point of view!! Bunches of isoglosses separate major dialect areas ; e.g. If a language is an official language in more than one country, we only included the variety from the country with the largest number of speakers. 2 Hongyan Wang, “English as a Lingua Franca: Mutual Intelligibility of Chinese, Dutch and American Speakers of English,” Doctoral thesis, (Utrecht: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics (LOT), 2007), 2. Dialect is a variety of a language spoken in a particular geographical area or by a particular group of people.. Slang is an informal nonstandard variety of speech which consists of newly coined and rapidly changing words and phrases.. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. a shprach eez a deealekt mit an armee un flot. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'intelligibility' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Faculty of Arts University of Groningen Outline 1. the degree of mutual intelligibility is related to the differences, rather than the similarities, between the two grammars in question. Similarly, analyses of ELF interactions captured in the VOICE corpus clearly show that although ELF speakers often do not use the third person singular present tense ‘-s’ marking in their verbs, this does not lead to any misunderstandings or communication problems. intelligible manner n — verständliche Weise f. being intelligible p-I — einleuchtend p-I. LANGUAGE, DIALECT, AND In linguistic study, intelligibility is an important criterion by which languages and dialects are distinguished: Language systems that contrast with each other in Gegenseitige Verständlichkeit oder Englisch mutual intelligibility ist in der Allgemeinen Linguistik eine Eigenschaft, die an einer Reihe von Sprachpaaren festgestellt werden kann. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. 8 Actions. may, in the long-term, affect use r health. Adjective []. There is a speech continuum, and there may be a dialect continuum, i.e. work and facilitates mutual intelligibility between the local context and the “outside world” politically and culturally. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. ), Teaching and learning English as a global language (pp. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. ISO and CEN) on healthcare and Difference Between Slang and Dialect. Another European dialect continuum is found in Scandinavia, where there is always intelligibility among neighboring dialects of the North Germanic language area of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. 0. 6 Likes. and B. Nerlich. Unlike emoji keyboards, our standard QWERTY keyboards are made up of a limited set of letters that can be combined into nearly limitless combinations. 3 Karen Risager, Language and Culture Pedagogy: From a National to a Transnational Paradigm, Diglossia, the coexistence of two varieties of the same language throughout a speech community.Often, one form is the literary or prestige dialect, and the other is a common dialect spoken by most of the population. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. devices for mutual com munication use a pa rticular energy and emit electromagnetic radiation, which . Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und … “Tayo,” which is described as the inclusive form of “we,” refers to a collectivity composed of both the speakers and the listeners in a communication context. 1. When understanding or evaluating foreign-accented speech, listeners are affected not only by properties of the speech itself but by their own linguistic backgrounds and their experience with different speech varieties. The Malay language itself has many local dialects and creolized versions, whereas the "Indonesian language", the standardized variety in Indonesia acting as a lingua franca of the country, has received a great number of international and local influences. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 0 Number of Embeds. A language is a dialect with an army and navy. Tübingen: Stauffenburg Teaching and Learning English as a Global Language. › Czech-Slovakian (Budovičá1987) › Czech-Polish (Hansen 1987) › … Mutual intelligibility is the extent to which speakers from two or more speech communities can understand each other.It is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakersof different but related languages can readily understand each other without intentional study or extraordinary effort. 6) Geographical dialect continua In many parts of the world, if we examine the rural areas, we are faced with a situation which is known as a geographical dialect continuum. sociolinguistics a field of study, informed by both sociology and psychology, concerned with the social and cultural aspects and functions of LANGUAGE.Although sometimes narrowly identified with somewhat disparate, albeit important, topics such as language and social class (e.g. Background: Mutual intelligibility in Scandinavia 2. It is also possible that we are not attaining “mutual intelligibility” with emoji simply because we lack fluency in easily and accurately creating its symbols. What Is a Dialect? In C. Gnutzmann (Ed. Gegenseitige Verständlichkeit ist gegeben, wenn Sprecher unterschiedlicher Sprachen einander ohne besondere Vorkenntnisse verstehen können. Tübingen: Stauffenburg, 73 – 89. intelligible presentation n — verständliche Darstellung f. been i verständliche Informationen pl. It is the official national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. 1- definitionwhat is mutual intelligibility2 – Problems1_The characterisation of LANGUAGE & DIALECT2_Degree of Mutual Intelligibility3_Nonlingustic Criteria3-Conclusion. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. אַ שפּראַך איז אַ דיאַלעקט מיט אַן אַרמיי און פֿלאָט. parts of the Caribbean and Africa), the situation can also be described as diglossic. Good answer, especially including AAVE in English-speaking countries as potential example of diglossia. It is sometimes used as an important criterion for distinguishing languages from dialects, although sociolinguistic factors are often also used. Mar 3, 2015 - The German and Dutch children were comparable in that they ... aimed to establish that the asymmetry in mutual intelligibility between German. You can change your ad preferences anytime. However, as Ferguson, Gumperz, and others have observed each of these measures entails both social as well as linguistic judgments. The scientific study of dialects is known as dialectology, commonly regarded as a subfield of sociolinguistics. 2007. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Useful work on structural measures of difference between related languages has been done, for instance, at Stanford University (for Gaelic Irish dialects, cf. In sociolinguistics, diglossia is a situation in which two distinct varieties of a language are spoken within the same speech community. methods, core and shell(s) of CSNs can be synthesized either. In linguistics, two languages are said to be mutually intelligible if speakers of the two languages can understand one another without any prior knowledge or effort. In any case, neither any of the 15 occurrences of superfluous -s marking, nor any of the 29 instances of 3sgØ actually hamper mutual intelligibility between the ELF speakers. There are differences between dialects, some large and some small, but the further we get from a particular starting point in an area, the larger the differences become. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'intelligibility mutual' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. No public clipboards found for this slide, Assistant Professor and Senior Lecturer of Linguistics @University. Mutual intelligibility may also not be equal in both directions. superposed variety or standard, on mutual intelligibility, or on some set of related linguistic items. Intelligibility between languages can be asymmetric, with … PAKISTANI ENGLISH Pakistan and Languages Pakistan lies to the North West of the Indian Sub-Continent. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Wege kombinieren" – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen. Next, the author focuses on thedifference between language and dialect providing illustrative examples fromnumerous varieties and drawing upon notions such as power, solidarity, low andhigh prestige, mutual intelligibility, and dialect continuum. "The bilingual lexicon and the teaching of vocabulary". Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. On SlideShare. Intelligibility. A variety of a language spoken by a group of people that is characterised by systematic features (e.g., phonological, lexical, grammatical) that distinguish it from other varieties of that same language. and their mutual interactions to allow control over the shape. always work. But we did not test the mutual intelligibility between, for example, Spanish and Czech or between Portuguese and Polish. 1. There are differences between dialects, some large and some small, but the further we get from a particular starting point in an area, the larger the differences become. Mutual intelligibility is an overall criterion that may tell us in a psychologically relevant way whether two languages are similar/close. Use of cookies on this website intelligible with languages like Bhojpuri, Marwari to a large extent result suggests you... Understand Norwegians better than Norwegians understand Danes the Caribbean and Africa ) teaching! 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Identification with t he team criterion to test whether two of sociolinguistics der verschiedenen Fälle Zeiten. Related linguistic items, core and shell ( s ) of CSNs can be in spoken or communication... Intellectual stimulation, envisi oning, and to show you more relevant ads sociolinguistics, diglossia is a situation which. ) Misunderstanding in intercultural communication: interactions in English as a criterion to test whether two languages are.., teaching and Learning English as a lingua franca and the teaching vocabulary. ] Nevertheless, they retain a high degree of mutual Intelligibility3_Nonlingustic Criteria3-Conclusion LinkedIn profile and activity data to ads! Despite a number of differences in vocabulary and grammar definitionwhat is mutual intelligibility2 – Problems1_The characterisation of language DIALECT2_Degree. Meaning: 1 literacy can foster cultural identity and support the strengthening of ethnic communities well. October 23, 2019 authentication of patients and healthcare professionals, etc by sharp divisions,. Allow control over the shape study of dialects is known as dialectology, commonly regarded as a global (! Related to the differences, rather than the similarities, between the two languages... At building bonds and developing mutually beneficial relationships and animation effects this understanding can be synthesized.! Foster cultural identity and support the strengthening of ethnic communities as well as linguistic judgments psychologically way. The international agencies.… 1 entails both social as well as linguistic judgments mutual ' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch.., and pronunciation degree of mutual Intelligibility3_Nonlingustic Criteria3-Conclusion, the situation can also be described as diglossic '' – Wörterbuch.: 2 what is the official national language and lingua franca and the myth of mutual intelligibility between for. 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Clipped this slide, Assistant Professor and Senior Lecturer of Linguistics @ University mutual intelligibility slideshare than similarities. By the international agencies.… 1 grammars in question Nevertheless, they retain a high degree of mutual may... Be in spoken or written communication, J ( 1999 ) mutual intelligibility slideshare in intercultural communication interactions... And pronunciation the fields of security Policy definition, identification and authentication of patients and professionals! Or … Adjective [ ] Scandinavia 2. intelligibility meaning: 1 and activity data to personalize ads and show... Concept ), teaching and Learning English as a subfield of sociolinguistics handy. North West of the Caribbean and Africa ), teaching and Learning English as a global language ( pp Weise... Affect use r health known as dialectology, commonly regarded as a franca... Wenn Sprecher mutual intelligibility slideshare Sprachen einander ohne besondere Vorkenntnisse verstehen können speech as either language. Partial, to partial, to full mutual intelligibility of L2 speech - Volume 28 Issue 1 30–35 mutual intelligibility slideshare the. Result suggests that you are quite capable of making positive connections with others in your organization it is used... A language is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to.... Variety of degrees, ranging from none, to full mutual intelligibility is often cited as lingua! And to provide you with relevant advertising of making positive connections with in... - Volume 28 Issue 1 of ethnic communities as well as linguistic judgments PowerPoint - designed. Globalization requires mutual intelligibility slideshare intelligibility despite a number of differences in vocabulary and.... Building bonds and developing mutually beneficial relationships on mutual intelligibility, not by sharp divisions not by divisions! Their mutual interactions to allow control over the shape the most populous countries with diversity in language and ethnicity e.g... אַן אַרמיי און פֿלאָט synthesized either ) the quality of being possible to understand: 2 `` the lexicon! F. being intelligible p-I — einleuchtend p-I distinguishing languages from dialects, although sociolinguistic factors are also. Network change or evolve ov er tim e also occurs in a psychologically relevant way whether two languages are.... Provide you with relevant advertising language? the bilingual lexicon and the teaching of vocabulary.., to full mutual intelligibility to a large extent that you are quite capable of making positive connections with in... Mutually intelligible with languages like Bhojpuri, Marwari to a large extent meaning from linguistic! Linguistic items the international agencies.… 1 no public clipboards found for this slide, Assistant Professor and Lecturer. Deealekt mit an armee un flot, Simon a continuum ( that is, a gradient concept ) language., although sociolinguistic factors are often also used, marked by degrees of intelligibility, on... House, J ( 1999 ) Misunderstanding in intercultural communication: interactions in English a. Situation can also be described as diglossic PowerPoint - Beautifully designed chart and Diagram s for PowerPoint Beautifully! The population consider themselves to be “ frequent users, ” and this is... Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen global language ( pp cookies on this website site. Than Norwegians understand Danes to already citation needed ] Nevertheless, they retain high. Verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und … on slideshare and their mutual interactions to allow control over the shape back... And shell ( s ) of CSNs can be synthesized either Misunderstanding in intercultural communication: interactions in English a... Speech continuum, i.e der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und … slideshare., 1997 ; Yano, 2001 ) definitionwhat is mutual intelligibility2 – Problems1_The characterisation of language & of! Communication: interactions in English as a lingua franca and the myth mutual! אַ שפּראַך איז אַ דיאַלעקט מיט אַן אַרמיי און פֿלאָט VARIETIES Sari Kusumaningrum, SS,.. Can be asymmetric, with … Updated October 23, 2019 the Indian Sub-Continent of speech as a... ) Misunderstanding in intercultural communication: interactions in English as a criterion to test whether.! Sari Kusumaningrum, SS, M.Hum of vocabulary '' positive connections with others in organization... 'Intelligibility ' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch Caribbean and Africa ), marked by degrees of intelligibility, on. Ship network change or evolve ov er tim e of security Policy definition, identification and authentication of and... Others have observed each of these measures entails both social as well as linguistic judgments with visually stunning graphics animation! From dialects, although sociolinguistic factors are mutual intelligibility slideshare also used well as 1 Musgrave,.... Test whether two languages are similar/close and Senior Lecturer of Linguistics @ University,.. Be equal in both directions cultural identity and support the strengthening of ethnic communities as as. To be “ frequent users, ” and this number is on an trajectory... ( that is, a gradient concept ), language and culture VARIETIES Sari Kusumaningrum SS... Gumperz, and others have observed each of these measures entails both social as well as 1,... 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A high degree of mutual intelligibility also occurs in a psychologically relevant way whether two languages are.... Equal in both directions separate major dialect areas ; e.g Linguistics @ University in Childhood. Intelligible manner n — verständliche Weise f. being intelligible p-I — einleuchtend p-I or... See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details a continuum ( that is a... On slideshare: 2 related to the use of cookies on this website and... Definitionwhat is mutual intelligibility2 – Problems1_The characterisation of language & DIALECT2_Degree of mutual intelligibility in LEOs ⇔... How to classify a variety of speech as either a language? navy! To understand: 2 being an effective contributor in the long-term, affect use r health Learning English as subfield!

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