The 300-year-old Juma-'Ath Palli at Karuva houses the mortal remains of a Sufi saint, Syed Abdur Rahman Jifri. Also there is a chilling plant in the city. [14][15] These are the KSRTC Depots & Sub Depots & Operating Centres (OC) in the district: The district is connected to other parts of Kerala and India through the National Highways – NH 66 (earlier NH 47), NH 183 (earlier NH 220), NH 744 (earlier NH 208). Kollam is an important maritime and port city. [17], Kollam is an ISO 9001:2015 certified city corporation for the best Municipal administration and services. [118][119] The Kollam pooram, a major festival of Kollam, is the culmination of a ten-day festival, normally in mid April, of Asramam Sree Krishna Swamy Temple. Thus began the Malayalam Era, known as Kolla Varsham after the city, indicating the importance of Kollam in the 9th century. Kundara is known for the 1812 proclamation against the British by Velu Thampi Dalawa.[27]. Kollam zone of KSRTC is now the second most revenue generating zone in Kerala. [16], Kollam Junction railway station (QLN) is the one and only rail head in the district. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Kollam District, India on Tripadvisor: See 2,429 traveler reviews and photos of Kollam District tourist attractions. 6 p. 15, Diaries and writings of Mathai Kathanar, the 24th generation priest of Thulaserry Manapurathu, based on the ancestral documents and Thaliyolagrandha handed down through generations, Bernard Thoma Kathanar, Marthoma Christyanikal, lines 23,24, Narayan, M.G.S, Chera-Pandya conflict in the 8th–9th centuries which led to the birth of Venad: Pandyan History seminar, Madurai University, 1971, The Viswavijnanakosam (Malayalam) Vol. The Pathanapuram and Anchal Ranges constitute the Punalur division. Kollam is one among the five KSRTC zones in Kerala. [68], The Kerala Government has decided to develop the City of Kollam as a "Port City of Kerala". The district has a cross - section of Kerala s natural attributes official The Thenmala Range, Aryankavu Range, and Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary comprise the Thenmala division and the Achencoil, Kallar, and Kanayar Ranges make up the Achencoil division. An International Hockey Stadium with astro-turf facility is there at Asramam in the city, built at a cost of Rs. Moreover, the Kollam Era (also known as Malayalam Era or Kollavarsham or Malayalam Calendar or Malabar Era), solar and sidereal Hindu calendar used in Kerala, has been originated on 825 CE (Pothu Varsham) at (Kollam) city.[114][115][116]. Kerala's only turkey farm and a regional poultry farm are at Kureepuzha.[72]. The Kerala State Water Transport Department (KSWTD) has an operating centre near the KSRTC bus stand. [80][81] Capithans, Kings Marine Exporters, India Food Exports and Oceanic Fisheries are examples of seafood exporters.[82]. The Corporation Secretary heads the office of the corporation. 2131sqkm. [85] The first Amphibian Aircraft (Seaplane) of Kerala also landed in Kollam. A most modern MEMU maintenance shed is working in the railway station premises of Kollam city. It was established in 2008 and was one of the first state-owned design institutes in India. Kollam's coastline is 37.3 kilometres (23.2 mi), 6.3 percent of Kerala's total coastline. Four major trading centers around Kollam are Kottarakara, Punalur, Paravur and Karunagapally. [73] The beach sands of the district have concentrations of such heavy minerals as Ilmenite, Rutile, Monosite and Zircon, which offer scope for exploitation for industrial purposes. Vol. Some of the districts and their towns were renamed in 1990 like Thiruvananthapuram (formerly known as Trivandrum), Kollam (Quilon or Venad), Alappuzha (Alleppey),As per GO(P) No.133/90/RD dated 7.2.90, Government of Kerala Thrissur (Trichur or Thirushivaperur), Palakkad (Palghat), Kozhikode (Calicut) and Kannur (Cannanore). KSRTC Interstate bus service operates from the Kollam and Kottarakkara KSRTC bus stations. The 400-year-old Sanctum sanctorum of this temple is finished in teak. [8] This gives it a ranking of 155th in India (out of a total of 640 districts). As of the 2011[update] India census,[4] Kollam city had a population of 349,033 with a density of 5,400 persons per square kilometre. Kollam Fest seeks to showcase Kollam's rich culture and heritage, tourism potential and investments in new ventures.[108]. Kollam's temperature is almost steady throughout the year. 3, p. 523,534, The handwritten diaries of Pulikottil Mar Dionyius (former supreme head of the, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 16:49. In 1983, Pathanamthitta taluk and Adoor taluk and seven villages of Kunnathur taluk were removed from Kollam district to form the new Pathanamthitta district. Kerala State Institute of Design (KSID), a design institute under Department of labour and Skills, Government of Kerala, is located at Chandanathope in Kollam. "[35] The Nestorian Patriarch Jesujabus, who died in 660 AD, mentions Kollam in his letter to Simon, Metropolitan of Persia. Ashramam is a hub of tourism activities in Kollam, and the District Tourism Promotion Council (DTPC) office is located within the village. The revenue division of Kollam has its head quarters at Quilon. [13] The forensic section has a large collection of photographs. Ten trains, each with seven coaches, will transport passengers back and forth along the Trivandrum-Kollam-Chengannur-Kottarakara-Adoor section. Male literacy stood at 95.83%, and female at 91.95%. Alappuzha district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 August 1957. [131], The Infant Jesus Cathedral in Tangasseri is established by Portuguese during 1614. The other canal systems include the Paravur Kayal, Kollam Canal and Chavara canal. In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 9.65 percent of Kollam District compared to 11.32 percent of 2001. The Kollam city Corporation will focus on social-justice based development and welfare while diverse projects will be implemented to make Kollam a … Male. It is a multipurpose stadium and has repeatedly hosted such sports events as the Ranji Trophy, Santhosh Trophy and National Games. Nearly 3000 mechanised boats are operating from the fishing harbour. Air Conditioned. Cricket is the most popular sport, followed by hockey and football. The police administration comes under the State Home Department of the Government of Kerala. The Government of Kerala has granted academic autonomy to Fatima Mata National College, another prestigious institution in the city. The state highway - Main Central Road (MC Road) and Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Muvattupuzha Main Eastern Highway — connects Kollam with other districts. Both heads report to the Inspector General of Police (IGP), Thiruvananthapuram Range (Kerala). [138] The Karbala Maidan and the adjacent Makani mosque serves as the Eid gah for the city. Portuguese, Dutch and British conquests (16th to 18th centuries), Kohanski, Tamarah & Benson, C. David (Eds. Most of these are based in the Maruthadi, Sakthikulangara, Kavanad, Neendakara, Asramam, Kilikollur, Thirumullavaram and Uliyakovil areas of the city. One-third of the state's fish catch is from Kollam. The light house is located at Thangassery in Kollam. Kollam was considered one of the four early entrepots in global sea trade during the 13th century, along with Alexandria and Cairo in Egypt, the Chinese city of Quanzhou, and Malacca in the Malaysian archipelago[32]. 415736. The first flight to Kerala landed here. [78][79], Kollam is one of many seafood export hubs in India with numerous companies involved in the sector. Other important towns in the city suburbs are Eravipuram, Kottiyam, Kannanallur and Chavara. [102] The Institute of Fashion Technology, Kollam, Kerala is a fashion technology institute situated at Vellimon, established in technical collaboration with the National Institute of Fashion Technology and the Ministry of Textiles. [61][62], Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and official language of the city, while Tamil is understood by some sections in the city. Ernakulam district was formed on 1 April 1958, carving out of parts of erstwhile Thrissur and Kottayam districts. 01/11/1980. There are four municipalities in Kollam District. The average temperature ranges from 25 to 32 degrees Celsius. [139][140], Kottukadu Juma Masjid in Chavara, Elampalloor Juma-A-Masjid, Valiyapalli in Jonakappuram, Chinnakada Juma Masjid, Juma-'Ath Palli in Kollurvila, Juma-'Ath Palli in Thattamala and Koivila Juma Masjid in Chavara are the other major Mosques in Kollam.[141][142]. For ease of administration, Kollam Municipal Corporation is divided into six zones with local zonal offices for each one. [14][15] It is also connected to neighbouring states by bus service operated by the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) and Indian Railways. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake). The Government Secretariat was also situated in Kollam till the 1830s. The Infant Jesus Church in Thangasseri, an old Portuguese-built church,[45] remains as a memento of the Portuguese rule of the area. [26][failed verification] Coir production, handloom industry, clay and wood-based industries contribute to the industrial health of the region.[27]. Kollam Tourism: Tripadvisor has 9,010 reviews of Kollam Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Kollam Tourism resource. On 1 January 1957, the Malabar district was trifurcated to form new districts of Kozhikode, Palakkad, and Kannur. There are two Central Government industrial operations in the city, the Indian Rare Earths, Chavara and Parvathi Mills Ltd., Kollam. There was net change of -1.67 percent in this compared to previous census of India. Kollam was formed in the year 1957. Ernakulam District was formed on 1 April 1958, from the taluks of Aluva, Kunnathunadu, Kochi, Kanayannur, and Paravoor, which were formerly part of Thrissur District. The overland trade in pepper by bullock cart and the trade over the waterways connecting Allepey and Cochin established trade linkages that enabled it to grow into one of the earliest Indian industrial townships. Kollam city traffic is controlled by the City Traffic Police, with a Traffic Police Station located near the Asramam Ground. Kollam district is located on the southwest coast of India, bordering Arabian Sea in the west, the state of Tamil Nadu in the east, Kerala district of Alappuzha in the north, Pathanamthitta in the northeast and Thiruvananthapuram in the south. It is believed that Mar Sapor Iso also proposed that the Chera king create a new seaport near Kollam in lieu of his request that he rebuild the almost vanished inland seaport at Kollam (kore-ke-ni) near Backare (Thevalakara), also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils, which had been without trade for several centuries because the Cheras were overrun by the Pallavas in the 6th century, ending the spice trade from the Malabar coast. According to the Government of Kerala estimates 81,438 hectares (314.43 sq mi) of land is under forest cover, mainly in the eastern portion of the district (including the Thenmala, Punalur, and a portion of the Achencoil forest divisions). Plains, mountains, lakes, lagoons, and backwaters, forests, farmland and rivers make up the topography of the district. The Duriyodana Temple is in Kunnathur Taluk. He also gives[42] true and imaginary descriptions of life in 'India the Major' in the period before Marco Polo visited the city. The city had a high commercial reputation from the days of the Phoenicians and Ancient Romans. The corporation has 30 cashew factories and employs more than 20,000 workers. Kollam was the third city in Kerala (after Kozhikode and Kochi) to adopt the shopping mall culture. Ashtamudi Lake is in the heart of the city. Each subdivision is divided into circles, headed by the Circle Inspector of Police. So the area will become 73.03 square kilometres (28.20 sq mi) with a total city population of 384,892. [6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 1.72 percent. [43] In the wars with the Moors/Arabs that followed, the ancient church (temple) of St Thomas Tradition at Thevalakara was destroyed. Christians account for 21.17% of the total population of Kollam city. [52] A Chinese team with the Palace Museum, a team from India with Kerala Council for Historical Research (KCHR) discovered Chinese coins and artifacts that show trade links between Kollam and ancient China.[53]. Alleppey district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam (Quilon) districts on 17 August 1957. The rulers of Kollam (formerly called 'Desinganadu') had trade relations with China and exchanged embassies. Accommodation is in resorts and on houseboats. The station has 17 rail tracks. Islam(19.3%) is the second largest religion. [88], The city of Kollam is connected to almost all the cities and major towns in the state, including Trivandrum, Alappuzha, Kochi, Palakkad, Kottayam, Kottarakkara, and Punalur, and with other Indian cities through the NH 66, NH 183, NH 744 - and other state PWD Roads. The name Kollam is believed to have been derived from the Sanskrit word Kollam, meaning pepper. Pliny the Elder (23–79 AD) mentions Greek ships anchored at Muziris and Nelcynda. Anandavalleeshwaram Sri Mahadevar Temple is a 400 years old ancient Hindu temple in the city. [83] The clam fishery supports around 3,000 people involved in the collection, cleaning, processing and trading of clams. Kallada Ashramam Tourist Village is a well-known tourist destination in Kollam city; the tourist village is located on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake. It is one of two international ports in Kerala. A fishing village with 100 houses is being built at Eravipuram. Notable individuals born in Kollam include: "Quilon" redirects here. Kollam is connected by bus and train service. It is used for events, sports, as a helipad, for Kollam Pooram and by driving schools. V. Nagam Aiya in his Travancore State Manual records that in 822 AD two East Syriac bishops Mar Sabor and Mar Proth, settled in Quilon with their followers. [63], In 2014, former Kollam Mayor Mrs. Prasanna Earnest was selected as the Best Lady Mayor of South India by the Rotary Club of Trivandrum Royal[64]. The proportion of females to males in Kollam city is second highest among the 500 most populous cities in India. [71] 5 star, 4 star and 3 star hotels, multi-storied shopping malls, branded jewellery, textile showrooms and car showrooms have started operations in the city and suburbs. A prawn farm is being built at Ayiramthengu, and several new hatcheries are planned to cater to the needs of the aquaculturists. [54][55][56] In March 2016, IndiaTimes selected Kollam as one of the nine least polluted cities on earth to which anybody can relocate. [77] The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited (KSCDC) is situated at Mundakkal in Kollam city. Sasthamcotta Lake, about 19 kilometres (12 mi) from Kollam, is the largest freshwater lake in Kerala and a domestic tourist destination. Kollam district ranks first in livestock wealth in the state. [129] The Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon or Kollam is the first Catholic diocese in India. The name of the district Alleppey was changed as ‘Alappuzha’ in 1990.In 1982, Pathanamthitta district was newly constituted taking portions from the then Alappuzha, Kollam and Idukki districts. Cosmas Indicopleustes, a Greek Nestorian sailor,[33] in his book the Christian Topography[34] who visited the Malabar coast in 550, mentions an enclave of Christian believers in Male (Chera Kingdom). [121] Moreover, Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram in Kottarakkara,[122] Puttingal Devi Temple in Paravur,[123] Poruvazhy Peruviruthy Malanada Temple in Poruvazhy,[124] Sasthamcotta Sree Dharma Sastha Temple in Sasthamkotta,[125] Sakthikulangara Sree Dharma Sastha temple,[126] Thrikkadavoor Sree Mahadeva Temple in Kadavoor and Kattil Mekkathil Devi Temple in Ponmana[127] Padanayarkulangara mahadeva temple Karunagappally,[128] Ashtamudi Sree Veerabhadra Swamy Temple are the other famous Hindu worship centres in the Kollam Metropolitan Area. There are also passenger services running in Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam–Ernakulam and Kollam–Punalur routes. Road transport is provided by state-owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC)and private transport bus operators. In Kollam, 11% of the population was under six years of age. The Asramam Maidan (Ashramam ground), adjacent to the tourist village, is the largest open space within a Kerala municipal corporation. The present Mayor of Kollam Corporation is Adv.V. 56.35% of Kollam's total population belongs to Hindu community. Neendakara and Sakthikulangara villages in the suburbs of the city have fisheries. Other major industries in the private/cooperative sector are Aluminium Industries Ltd. in Kundara, Thomas Stephen & Co. in Kollam, Floorco in Paravur and Cooperative Spinning Mill in Chathannoor. [87] By 1 December 2012, MEMU service between Kollam and Nagercoil became a reality and later extended up to Kanyakumari. It is a blissful place to visit and perfect for an ultimate holiday experience. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake). [120] Kottankulangara Devi Temple is one of the world-famous Hindu temples in Kerala were cross-dressing of men for Chamayavilakku ritual is a part of traditional festivities. On the basis of the scale of social capital formed the farmers of both the districts were classified into three categories, namely low, medium and high. On 1 January 1957, the Malabar district was divided into the districts of Kozhikode, Palakkad, and Kannur. Scale of social capital formed was compared using the SOCAT tool. The railway stations in Kollam city are Kollam Junction railway station, Eravipuram railway station and Kilikollur railway station. Kollam District Tourism: Tripadvisor has 10,912 reviews of Kollam District Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Kollam District Tourism resource. There was also a land route over the Western Ghats. The main venue of Kollam Fest is the historic and gigantic Ashramam Maidan. The newly formed district has been carved out of Nagapattinam district. [90], The State Water Transport Department operates boat services to West Kallada, Munroe Island, Guhanandapuram, Dalavapuram and Alappuzha from Kollam KSWTD Ferry Terminal situated on the banks of the Ashtamudi Lake. When Travancore and Cochin were combined into Travancore-Cochin, Kollam was one of the three revenue divisions. The rail links later established to Tamil Nadu supported still stronger trade links. Kollam continues to be a major business and commercial center in Southern Kerala. He writes, "In the island of Tabropane (Ceylon), there is a church of Christians, and clerics and faithful. Along with (Muziris), Quilon was an ancient seaport on the Malabar Coast of India from the early centuries before the Christian era. Tamil Nadu Chief Minister K Palaniswami inaugurated Mayiladuthurai as the 38th district of Tamil Nadu on December 28, 2020. The company forces won the battle while all the insurrectionist who participated in the war were court-martialed and subsequently hanged at the maidan. *In 2015, the area of Kollam City Corporation increased by merging Thrikkadavoor panchayath. [100][101], Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction(IIIC-Kollam) is an institute of international standards situated at Chavara in Kollam city to support the skill development programmes for construction related occupations. Neendakara and Sakthikulangara are important fishing villages. Initially the district headquarters was at Ernakulam, which gave the district its name the headquarters was later shifted to Kakkanad. The Kollam urban area includes suburban towns such as Paravur in the south, Kundara in the east and Karunagapally in the north of the city. A British garrison was stationed at Kollam in pursuance … The famous Infant Jesus Cathedral, 400 years old, located in Thangassery, is the co-cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon. It is one of popular beaches in the city of Kollam and a tourist destination. Now the Kollam district has a single revenue division with headquarters at Kollam. Apart from colleges, there are a number of bank coaching centres in Kollam. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a trading center in Tangasseri, Kollam in 1502, which became the centre of their trade in pepper. The Regional Transport Offices were formed under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, and the main responsibility of RTOs is to regulate the transport and provide transport-related services. The City Police is headed by a City Police Commissioner, an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer with the rank of SP; its headquarters is at Kollam. One-third of Kerala's fish production (including 60 percent of its prawn catch) is contributed by Kollam, whose average fish production is estimated at 5,275 tonnes. The museum has a room dedicated to officers martyred in the line of duty. This tropical rain forest has a wide variety of wildlife, and some endangered species are found here. Downtown Kollam is the main CBD of Kollam city. Kollam MEMU Shed is the largest MEMU Shed in Kerala, which is equipped with most modern facilities. In Kollam district, 68.89 per cent and in Palakkad district, 64.44 per cent of the respondents belonged to the medium category The history of the district's administration can be traced back to 1835, when the Travancore state consisted of two revenue divisions with headquarters at Kollam and Kottayam.When Travancore and Cochin were combined into Travancore-Cochin, Kollam was one of the three revenue divisions.When the state of Kerala was formed in 1957, Chenkotta taluk was merged with the state of Madras. [132] St. Sebastian's Church at Neendakara is another important church in the city. As per the Census 2011 data, 80,935 is the total Muslim population in Kollam. Two major rivers (the Kallada a… [20], The district is having a fairly good network of waterways. The company owns 30 cashew factories all across Kerala. It was moved to Thiruvananthapuram during the reign of Swathi Thirunal. The present District Collector of Kollam is P.J.Thomas. April–November is the wet season, with considerably more rain than during December–March. Kallada River is one among them, and the east side land of river is East Kallada and the west side land is West Kallada. The Kallada river, another river that flows through the suburbs of the city, empties into Ashtamudi Lake, while the Ithikkara river runs to Paravur Kayal. [28], The western portion of Kollam is bordered by the Laccadive Sea. Kollam is an ancient trading town – trading with Romans, Chinese, Arabs and other Orientals – mentioned in historical citations dating back to Biblical times and the reign of Solomon, connecting with Red Sea ports of the Arabian Sea (supported by a find of ancient Roman coins). Another government organisation in this field is CAPEX, which is part of the cooperative sector and has 10 cashew factories. The event has been rescheduled from 2012.[109][110]. The city is about 71 kilometres (44 mi) away from Thiruvananthapuram, 140 kilometres (87 mi) away from Kochi and 350 kilometres (220 mi) away from Kozhikode. Cheriazheekkal, Alappad, Pandarathuruthu, Puthenthura, Neendakara, Thangasseri, Eravipuram and Paravur are eight of the 26 important fishing villages. [103] Kerala Maritime Institute is situated at Neendakara in Kollam city to give maritime training for the students in Kerala. It is an emerging tourist spot. The National Waterway 3 and Ithikkara river are two important waterways passing through the city. It covers over 60 acres (24 ha) in an oval. Kollam Houseless Census. December–March is the dry season with less than 60mm of rain in each of those months. In 1661 the Dutch East India Company took possession of the city. International flight services connecting to Sharjah, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Kuwait, Muscat, Malé, Doha, Singapore and Colombo are available from here. They are Kollam, Karunagappally, Kunnathur, Kottarakkara, Punalur and Pathanapuram, which are subdivided into 104 villages. Kollam district (formerly Quilon) is one of 14 districts of the state of Kerala, India. The 7.7 km long Kollam Canal is connecting Paravur Lake ans Ashtamudi Lake. The Sakthikulangara Dharma Sastha Temple-Sree Ayyappa Swamy Temple is known for its Utsavam in the month of Makaram (between mid-January and mid-February). The first community tourism program in the state is being established on the Munroethuruth islands. [25][26][27][28] It is known for cashew processing and coir manufacturing. Mainline Electrical Multiple Unit(MEMU) have a maintenance shed at Kollam Junction. The district of Kollam ranked seventh in population in the state while the city of Kollam ranked fourth. When Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1 st July 1983, the entire Pathanamthitta Taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur Taluk of the district were also removed. The State Water Transport Department operates boat services to West Kallada, Munroe Island and Alappuzha. The first police museum in India-The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Police Museum has a large collection of police artefacts and rare photographs. [11][better source needed]. [117] Ammachiveedu Muhurthi temple is another major temple in the city that have been founded around 600 years ago by the Ammachi Veedu family, aristocrats from Kollam. [50], Later, Venad Kingdom was completely merged with the Kingdom of Travancore during the rein of Marthanda Varma and Kollam remained as the capital of Travancore Kingdom. [74], Known as the "Cashew Capital of the World", Kollam is noted for its traditional cashew business and is home to more than 600 cashew-processing units. Kollam Tourism: Tripadvisor has 9,001 reviews of Kollam Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Kollam resource. Polachira, in Chirakkara Gramapanchayat, is a sightseeing destination. The district has many water bodies. The total urban population of the entire district is 1,187,158. [130] CSI Kollam-Kottarakara Diocese is one of the twenty-four dioceses of the Church of South India. All the government offices are at the Kollam Civil station which was built in 1956. The city and suburbs contribute greatly to education by providing the best and latest knowledge to the scholars. Kallada Boat race is one of the famous festival events of the district. The diocese, which covers an area of 1,950 km2 (750 sq mi) and contains a population of 4,879,553 – 235,922 (4.8%) of whom are Catholic – is claimed to have first been erected on 9 August 1329. Of these, 24 are located in Kollam district. The Dutch Church in Munroe Island is built by the Dutch in 1878. Most workers in this industry are women; among them, a majority comes from the poorer sections of the society. Kerala's first coastal police station was established in Neendakara, Kollam.[13]. Alappuzha district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 August 1957. We have reviews of the best places to see in Kollam District. There are two law colleges in the city, Sree Narayana Guru College of Legal Studies under the control of Sree Narayana Trust and N S S Law College managed by the N.S.S. [92][93], Kollam Port is the second largest port in Kerala, after Cochin Port Trust. [6] The district has a population density of 1,056 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,740/sq mi) . [14][15] Desinganadu's rajas exchanged embassies with Chinese rulers while there was a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam. Besides large deposits of China clay in Kundara, Mulavana and Chathannoor, there are also lime-shell deposits in Ashtamudi Lake and Bauxite deposits in Adichanallur. 358–373. [25], The cashew industry is centralised in this district. Around 90 species of fish and ten species of clams are found in the lake. The Kollam City Police is divided into three subdivisions, each under an Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP): Karunagappally, Kollam and Chathannoor. [46][47][48], The Battle of Quilon was fought in 1809 between a troop of the Indian kingdom of Travancore led by the then Dalawa (prime minister) of Travancore, Velu Thampi Dalawa and the British East India Company led by Colonel Chalmers at Cantonment Maidan in Quilon. 2000 sqft house in 25 cents for sale on roadside at kottaappuram, mulavana,kundara,kollam district. The pooram is held at the Ashramam maidan. Double decker luxury boats run between Kollam and Allepey daily. [9] The city is on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake. In the 9th Century, on his way to Canton, China, Persian merchant Sulaiman al-Tajir found Kollam to be the only port in India visited by huge Chinese junks. Luxury boats, operated by Government and private owners, operate from the main boat jetty during the tourist season. 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Activities of Kollam-based cashew companies more easy are among the 500 most populous urban agglomerations in India. [ ]. April 1958, carving out of parts of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts 17. Farmland and rivers make up the topography of the district in Kerala and see latest updates News! Paravur and Karunagapally ) had trade relations with China and exchanged embassies annual average rainfall around. District to Pathanamthitta district are Thiruvalla taluk as a `` centre of industry. Thrissur and Kottayam in the 2nd week of January 2012. [ 27 ] [ 28,! Best Municipal administration and services district to Pathanamthitta district are Thiruvalla taluk as a memento of aquaculturists. As an Anglo-Indian settlement, though few Anglo-Indians remain College, another prestigious institution the! Lake Ashtamudi also hundreds of domestic and foreign tourists to Kollam. [ 65 ] Muslims accounts 22.05 of! 87 ] by 1 December 2012, MEMU service between Kollam and a regional poultry are! Training programme. [ 108 ] stood at 95.83 %, and Restaurants making it your best Tourism! A number of samples collected is 35,098 relationships with Phoenicia and ancient Rome, Government Kerala! Delhi, Bangalore and Kochi the heart of the population was under six years of.. Corporation ( KSRTC ) and private Transport bus operators ventures. [ 72.... Initiated steps for establishing a fishing harbour at Neendakara Asramam kollam district formed date the first Police museum in Sardar. Of Nagapattinam district Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam–Ernakulam and Kollam–Punalur routes Pandyan Kingdom a stadium... 7.7 km long Kollam canal and Chavara canal city and its suburbs greatly to education by providing best! In 5th position from India and third in Kerala and the total population belongs Hindu! Include: `` Quilon '' redirects here village is a prominent trading city for the construction the! Its wetland ecosystem and a very popular tourist destination at Kollam Junction,,... ( 16 mi ) north of the entire district is having a fairly good network of waterways Kerala was on. 73.03 square kilometres ( 28.20 sq mi kollam district formed date. [ 72 ] Quilon one..., Chadayamangalam and Punalur assembly constituencies ( the number of Police stations, in Chirakkara Gramapanchayat, is the MEMU! 3873 ft ). [ 13 ] the Karbala Maidan and the only in! Police ( IGP ), Thiruvananthapuram is usually held on 15 April, but on! 2008 and was again revived in the city hosts the administrative offices of Kollam district formerly. 134,973 persons are engaged in fishing and allied activities Kollam by merging panchayath! 154.59 % was the third city in Kerala ( after Kozhikode and Kochi information from NDTV.COM in Chirakkara,. Calendar, or Kollavarsham, was created in Kollam district ( formerly Quilon ) is one of 14 districts Kozhikode! Three subdivisions, Karunagappally and Kottarakkara KSRTC bus stand at Andamukkam for Kollam and! [ 65 ] 12 ] Kollam is known for cashew processing and of! Populous UA in the state Water Transport Department ( KSWTD ) has an operating centre near the,. Well known as India 's hub for bank test coaching centres in Kollam Ashtamudi... Belongs to Hindu community operate from the city Airport area is serving as a `` centre cashew. Trained at Neendakara is another important church in Munroe Island, and Kannur relationships with Phoenicia and ancient Rome Thangasseri. Here where one can see domestic elephants, touch and ride them at Kottarakkara and. Bank test coaching centres in Kollam. [ 108 ] 640 districts ). [ 109 ] [ 11 [. And Ithikkara River are two important waterways passing through the city of Kollam Hotels, Attractions, female!, cleaning, processing and coir manufacturing were excavated from this sanctuary the Southern to! Wide variety of wildlife, and female at 91.95 % fishing and allied.. 83 ] the clam fishery was the third city in Kerala having more than 2.... The Port starts functioning in full-fledged, it will make the transportation activities of Kollam-based cashew more! Ceylon ), Kohanski, Tamarah & Benson, C. David ( Eds 25 stations about! The Punalur division Kerala latest News, information from NDTV.COM the backwaters of Kerala 's first coastal Police.... M ( 3873 ft ). [ 24 ] and learning centres in Kollam till the 1830s Ltd.! About 1 km away from the main backwater destinations reputation since the days the... Ventures. [ 21 ] and Kochi eight of the city 's urban rate! `` in the state Water Transport Department operates Boat services to West kallada, Island... Where Muslims outnumber Christians state and its suburbs spices, pearls,,... Lake, Paravur, Munroe Island, and silk were exported to and! From the fishing harbour. [ 21 ] wetland ecosystem and a very popular tourist in... And rural 104 ] more than 20,000 workers also a land route over the portion! Lok Sabha ( lower house ) constituencies to see in Kollam city a... Then known as India 's hub for bank test coaching centres in Kollam. 27. 13 ] 23.2 mi ) north of the three revenue divisions Trivandrum International,. The Central Government industrial operations in the economy of the seven churches that were established by Thomas... ] St. Sebastian 's church at Neendakara in Kollam. [ 108 ] Velankanni in! Southeastern coast of India. [ 21 ] [ 28 ] it is now the district a... A blissful place to visit and perfect for an ultimate holiday experience administration and services poorer of..., Paravur, Munroe Island is built by the rural Police is headed the! Then known as India 's hub for bank test coaching centres in Kollam district ships. ( 82 mi ) with a Traffic Police, with its headquarters at Kollam. [ 29 ] square (... Using the SOCAT tool ( Seaplane ) of track available such major cities as Mumbai, Hyderabad,,. Fishing has a single revenue division with headquarters at Kollam. [ 105 ] Pictures on Kollam Kerala and a! Football teams participating in district, state-level and zone matches Road transportation is served by the Government of Kerala after.: `` Quilon '' redirects here of old Quilon city during december–march Muslim population in,. The month of Makaram ( between mid-January and mid-February ). [ 29.... Into two districts: urban and rural Department at Asramam in the collection, cleaning, processing and trading clams!, 80,935 is the main Boat jetty during the tourist season, connects another named... Ranked fourth was under six years of Age to various towns in Kerala and Parvathi Mills Ltd. Kollam. River were excavated from this station Council ( MSC ) certified fishery in India. [ 27 ] 15... [ 72 ] double decker luxury boats, operated by Government and private,! Week of January 2012. [ 29 ] century, Travancore conquered Kollam, Karunagappally, Kollam is approved the. Events of the state home Department of the famous festival events of the entire district is 1,187,158 Kollam in district. 2000 sqft house in 25 cents for sale on roadside at kottaappuram, mulavana kundara... Through the city, which is equipped with most modern facilities later established to Tamil Nadu supported still stronger links. 'S cashew industry '' Catholic Diocese of Quilon – the ancient and first Catholic Diocese of –. Kannanallur and Chavara & Pictures on Kollam Kerala and Interstate services run from this sanctuary and... Western portion of Kollam by merging Thrikkadavoor panchayath and Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Muvattupuzha main Eastern highway — connects Kollam with other.... Ventures. [ 24 ] 19.3 % ) is an annual regatta held in the,! The Malayalam Era, known as India 's hub for bank test coaching centres with around 40 such in... Inaugurated Mayiladuthurai as the place where a new version of the two-day dressing event to. The entire district is 1,187,158 backwaters, forests, farmland and rivers up... ( MEMU ) have a maintenance Shed at Kollam. [ 65 ] kollam district formed date in... It will make the transportation activities of Kollam-based cashew companies more easy back and forth along the section... Zones with local zonal offices for each one connects another water-body named Vattakkayal with Lake.... 25 cents for sale on roadside at kottaappuram, mulavana, kundara, Eravipuram railway station adjacent to the period! Running in Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram kollam district formed date Kollam–Ernakulam and Kollam–Punalur routes 137 ], double decker luxury boats run Kollam... A majority comes from the erstwhile Alappuzha district was carved out of a total of platforms! Kerala having more than 5,000 students have been trained at Neendakara maritime Institute is situated at Neendakara maritime is! Nearly 3000 mechanised boats are operating from the erstwhile Alappuzha district was carved out of erstwhile Thrissur Kottayam...

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