Grain Sorghum. This makes it well adapted to a variety … The difference in seed was a bit of a surprise, but not terribly so. It yields a high tonnage of stalks, but the syrup yield per ton of stalks is low. Sorghum Find the sorghum seed varieties that will work best for your farm. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is one among the leading potential crops for biofuel production [8]. ", "One Year on, Sikkim Proves Why the Rest of India Must Adopt Organic Practices for a Bright Future", "From Food to Fodder, Here's How This Magic Plant Can Take Care of Our Needs", "Sweet sorghum – Opportunities for a new renewable fuel and food industry in Australia", Ceres and Texas A&M to Develop and Market High-Biomass Sorghum for Biofuels, "Sweet Sorghum : A New "Smart Biofuel Crop, "Icrisat embarks on biofuels initiative for dryland farmers", National Sweet Sorghum Producers and Processors Association, List of Sweet Sorghum Renewable Energy Projects, Report on small-scale sweet sorghum production and processing, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sweet_sorghum&oldid=996206427, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 03:57. Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. The “Dale” variety is productive in a range of climates, or you can try heirloom sweet sorghum varieties like “Sugar Drip” or “Rox Orange.” In the early 1860s, the American Civil War not only disrupted both interstate and maritime commerce but also diverted commodities from civilian to military purchases; these factors rendered some food and fiber supplies, including sugar cane and the sugar and molasses made from it, unreliable and expensive. As sweet sorghum is not commercially established in Australia, variety development is not advanced, however a large number of varieties exist. A cross between sorghum and sudangrass, this variety is a finer stemmed, warm season annual grass in comparison to forage sorghum and grows again after harvest. In the U.S. since the 1950s, sorghum has been raised primarily for forage and silage, with sorghum cultivation for cattle feed concentrated in the Great Plains (Texas, Kansas, and Nebraska are the leading producers) where insufficient rainfall and high temperature make corn production unprofitable. It had more than the normal amount of protein but, more … There's enough juice in an acre of sweet sorghum to make 400 to 800 gallons of ethanol. Theis is a variety developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station, Meridian, Mississippi, and released in 1974. Web. This variety is one of the earliest-maturing varieties for the South, and so it is useful for early syrup production. Sweet sorghum syrup is known as "sorghum molasses" in some regions of the United States, though in most of the U.S. the term molasses refers to a sweet syrupy byproduct of sugarcane or sugar beet sugar extraction[1][2][3][4]. Sweet Sorghum for Syrup. Sweet sorghum, also called cane sorghum, is grown for the sweet juice that is extracted from the tall stalks. [12] Texas A&M University ran trials to ascertain the best varieties for ethanol production from sorghum leaves and stalks in the USA. It must be harvested earlier than other varieties because it is susceptible to diseases. Some of the most important sweet sorghum varieties released at international level are Rio, Dale, Brandes, Theis, Roma, Vani, Ramada and Keller. Sweet As is great for grazing and also makes excellent silage. Sorghum-Sudangrass. Stalks are medium-sized and erect growing, and they make an excellent-quality syrup. The grain is fairly neutral in flavor, and sometimes slightly sweet. The seed are medium-sized and brown. BJ 248, RSSV 9, NSSV 208, NSSV 255 and RSSV 56 … The seed are small and white and have good germination. 4 Major Types of Sorghum. This variety gives good yields and also produces lots of grain. This is a relatively early-maturing variety … Theis produces large, brown seed. Della matures about one week earlier than Dale and about 6 days later than Sugar Drip. The syrup quality can be excellent, but under some conditions the juice may contain too much starch for proper boiling. favourable, sorghum, in particular, will respond well to a low application of basal fertilizer (100 to 300 kg of 7.14.7 per ha) followed with a top dressing of 100 to 200 kg per ha of 28 - 34% N fertilizer. Four important varieties from that station are Theis, Keller, Dale, and M81E. Dr. Bill Rooney at Texas … The work we did was in slightly wetter more humid climates than you Louisiana, Florida, and Tennessee. [13], In India and other places, sweet sorghum stalks are used for producing biofuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol. Della, a mid-season variety with good disease resistance, was developed by Bob Harrison, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and released in December 1991. $23.40 $ 23. Currently, less than 1 million US gallons (3,800 m3) are produced annually in the U.S. Georgia Blue Ribbon, a variety of uncertain origin, lodges badly and is susceptible to major sweet sorghum diseases. HEIRLOOM VARIETY TRIALS were clearly sweet sorghum. Sweet Sorghum Varieties Most sweet sorghum varieties planted in the United States today were developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station at Meridian, Mississippi. This sweet sorghum cane grows up to 12' tall with seed heads that turn amber red when mature. Tracy is susceptible to anthracnose, red rot, zonate leaf spot, and rust. Most sorghum grown for syrup production is grown in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Tracy is a mid-season variety developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and released in 1953. It is a late-maturing variety with an excellent root system and stiff stalks that usually remain erect. Bob's Red Mill Gluten Free Sweet White Sorghum Grain, 96 Ounce. It grows 9 to 12 feet tall under optimum conditions, and it has intermediate tillering ability. Interestingly, these same three varieties were also the highest yielding in 2013. Forage Sorghum… Sorghum also favours a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8 on a Calcium Chloride Scale. [16], Bitzer, Morris. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or purple (1). M8IE is resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot, but it is susceptible to maize dwarf mosaic. 2021 SWEET SORGHUM SEED ORDER FORM IMPORTANT: Please review all order information in this paragraph prior to placing your order. Drought tolerant. Theis may grow to 12 to 16 feet tall, but it has good lodging resistance. Sorghum … The yield of syrup from M8IE is generally superior to Dale. Della is a backcross of Dale to an earlier maturing line. It is resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot. It appears to be more susceptible to a light frost than the other varieties. Dale is a mid-season variety developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station. If the sorghum is planted too thick, the canes will be spindly (less than 3/4 … Stalks are shorter and juicier than those of Tracy. Newer sweet sorghum line have significantly higher yield than the old sweet sorghum varieties… Cracked grain sorghum makes excellent animal feed. Publication. [15], A study by researchers at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) found that growing sweet sorghum instead of grain sorghum could increase farmers' incomes by US$40 per hectare per crop because it can provide food, feed, and fuel. What Kinds of Food Often Contains Sorghum? Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. There are several commercially viable sorghum seed varieties, with grain sorghum producing a grain that boasts a higher starch content than sweet sorghum. N.p. Sorghum juice-derived … One species, Sorghum bicolor, native to Africa with many cultivated forms now, is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses" ), animal fodder, the … Under these conditions, some farms grew sweet sorghum for syrup to substitute for cane sugar and molasses, which helped ensconce sweet sorghum in Southern food culture. Sweet sorghum — Sweet sorghum is a variety of sorghum grass. It does produce a high quality syrup. 22 May 2014. Thrives in the heat. Della does not resist lodging as much as Dale and is more variable in plant height. Syrup quality is usually excellent. The tall canes are juiced and boiled to make a very sweet, light, sorghum syrup, excellent on pancakes. It tends to lodge and is very susceptible to many diseases. Sweet As is a sweet sorghum variety that has high yield and sugar levels. This high antioxidant, high fiber gluten free black sorghum grain can be readily … Dale is resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot. Making syrup from sorghum (as from sugar cane) is heavily labor-intensive. Black Sorghum. Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. By the early 1900s, the U.S. produced 20 million US gallons (76,000 m3) of sweet sorghum syrup annually. Honey is a variety grown by the USDA before 1900; it is also called Honey Drip and Texas Seeded Ribbon. The syrup has a mild sorghum flavor, amber color, and excellent quality. Seed orders will be processed beginning February 15 and continue through June 30, or until seed supplies are exhausted. 22 May 2014. Check out Dyna-Gro’s latest lineup of high-performance seed products … Sweet sorghum stalks contain up to 75% juice, varying between 12 and 23% in sugar. <, Curtin, Leo V. MOLASSES - GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. BJ 248, RSSV 9, NSSV 208, NSSV 255 and RSSV 56 are the sweet sorghum cultures identified by the "All IndiaCoordinated sorghum improvement project at National level". 4.6 out of 5 stars 296. It has late maturity similar to Brandes and Wiley. [14] The crop is particularly suitable for growing in dryland conditions, as it only extracts one-seventh of the water used by sugarcane. What kinds of stills are there and what are the differences? Notify me when this product is in stock. Following World War II, with the declining availability of farm labor, sorghum syrup production fell drastically. : U of Kentucky, 2002. 1346-45 Heirloom Honey drip Sorghum … It has been proven to be highly palatable due to its large leaf, high … It is similar to Dale in height and lodging resistance. Thick, juicy stalks make for mighty fine sorghum syrup once squeezed and boiled down over a wood fire. With grain sorghum currently grown on over 11 million ha in Asia and on 23.4 million ha in Africa, a switch to sweet sorghum could have a considerable economic impact. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Web. Some of these older varieties are Honey, Honey Drip, Umbrella, Texas Blue Ribbon, Williams, Justice, Red Orange, Honey Dew, and Texas Double Sweet. It has a fairly small stalk, low juice yield, and is susceptible to most sorghum diseases. In 2007, the University of Kentucky and the University of Nebraska jointly released a male-sterile hybrid named KNMorris. Get it as soon as Thu, Jan 14. Do It Yourself! We did work with some new sweet sorghum varieties: M-81E, Dale, and Topper. Sweet Sorghum Varieties Preparing to Plant Sweet Sorghum Dale, Della, KN Morris, Sugar Drip, Keller, Top 76-6, M81E, Simon, KY 1810, KY 08, Theis, Rox Orange, Umbrella, Early Orange are the most common varieties of sweet sorghum. M8IE is a late-maturing variety which matures a few days later than Dale. The stalks grow 7 to 10 feet tall and tend to lodge badly. A sorghum variety called "Karamaka" proved to be truly remarkable. Sorghum is favored by the gluten intolerant and is often cooked as a porridge to be eaten alongside other foods. Minimum seed germination is 75% for all varieties … Seed are medium-sized and brown. As new-generation ethanol processes are studied and improved, sorghum's role may continue to expand. Sweet sorghum syrup has shown good antioxidant properties and is found to be useful in food, beverage Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and University of Florida, n.d. It was released from the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station, Meridian, Mississippi. In Central India it was introduced in the early 1970s by Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute[5][6] for ethanol and syrup production. CO (S) 28, TNAU SORGHUM variety CO 30, TNAU SORGHUM HYBRID CO 5 : Chithiraipattam: April - May: CO (S) 28,TNAU SORGHUM variety CO 30, BSR 1, TNAU SORGHUM HYBRID CO 5 : Adipattam : June - July : BSR 1, TNAU SORGHUM HYBRID CO 5, APK 1 : Puratasipattam: Sept. – Oct. TNAU SORGHUM variety … Yield combined across locations fluctuated between 4.36 and 9.80 tons/acre. There are many species of sorghum, the most popular being Sorghum bicolor, … It can be used as a cooking ingredient with a similar sweetening effect as molasses, though blackstrap molasses still has a higher nutritional value than sorghum syrup in most regards. Publication. The stalks are erect and juicy. Unfortunately, this facility closed in 1983. For one thing, Karamaka had a protein that was unusually nutritious. Sorghum syrup is also used on pancakes, cornmeal mush, grits and other hot cereals. Hybrid Madhura was developed by "Nimkar Agricultural Research Institute, Phaltan, Maharashtra". Sugar Drip is an early mid-season variety of unknown origin. In particular, the South was under naval blockade by the Union navy, making importation of Caribbean cane sugar and molasses expensive and scarce via blockade running. and pharmaceutical industries[7]. Simon is better adapted to areas north of central Indiana and Ohio. Black Sorghum provides fiber, protein, and antioxidants in a variety of sweet and savory baked goods. Its stalk happens to have high sugar content — that’s why it’s often compared to sugar cane. <, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, "Sorghum Travels From The South To The Mainstream", http://www.uky.edu/Ag/CCD/introsheets/swsorghumintro.pdf, http://rcrec-ona.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/publications/molasses-general-considerations..pdf, "Indiana State Department of Health Division of Consumer Protection Food Protection ProgramGuidance on Sorghum Production–March 19, 2008", "(PDF) Sweet sorghum R&D at the Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute (NARI)", "Do You Know About This Wonder Crop That Can Be Used As Fuel, Paper And Delicious Bread Spread? The biggest advantage of Della is that it matures one week earlier than Dale and thus would let you start cooking a little earlier in the fall. Table 2 shows the characteristics of different varieties of sweet sorghum … Some of the Main Sweet Sorghum Varieties. Yet, they were all … It matures about 7 days earlier than Sugar Drip. Seeds are small, reddish brown, and germinate well. Presently it is grown on large area as a fodder crop. Sorghum syrup is a 100 percent natural sweetener sometimes called “sorghum molasses,” as its flavor and uses are similar to those of molasses made from sugar cane. Simon is a very early-maturing variety of unknown origin. Syrup quality is excellent. [8], Sorghum syrup and hot biscuits are a traditional breakfast in the Southern United States. Varietal choice The two preferred varieties … Build a Small-Scale Ethanol Fuel Plant, How to Use Enzymes to Convert Starch to Fermentable Sugars, Links - websites, supplies, how-to, home brew, Vendors of Equipment and Supplies to Produce and Use Ethanol, A Modern Dairy's Experience with Homegrown Ethanol Fuel, "Makin' It On the Farm" - Historical Success Stories, Studies Show Energy Beets Can Be Grown in Non-Traditional Sugarbeet Areas, A Shortcut to the Production of High Ethanol Concentration from Jerusalem Artichoke Tubers, Feasibility of Ethanol Production from Cheese Whey and Fruit Pomace in NYS, The Peak Oil Crisis: The German Army Report, Due Diligence: How to Evaluate a Renewable Energy Technology, Albert A. Bartlett: Ode to a Gentle Giant, Power from the People, by Greg Pahl - Reviews, Locally Owned Wind And Ethanol—Better, Not Bigger, Urban Fuel Coop Design & Analysis - Introduction, http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr122/agr122.htm, http://esse-community.eu/articles/some-of-the-main-sweet-sorghum-varieties/. A new hybrid of sweet sorghum called Tianza No.2, which has high yields of both grain and fermentable sugars (5.0 tons ha −1 grain yield and 16.1 BX juice sugar degree), is bred by Shenyang Agriculture University. 25 shipped by Amazon, Mississippi MOLASSES - GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS syrup has shown good properties. And maize dwarf mosaic but it is useful for early syrup production fell drastically to 75 juice. By the gluten intolerant and is found to be eaten alongside other.! Grazing and also makes excellent animal feed superior to Dale orders over $ 25 shipped by.! One week earlier than Sugar Drip ] in India sweet sorghum is not commercially established in Australia variety... Is resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot under way in several states than Tracy maturity. Small stalk, low juice yield, and M81E supplies are exhausted good lodging resistance Dale in height lodging! Madhura was developed by the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station some new sweet sorghum has been cultivated... Louisiana, Florida, and new York squeezed and boiled down over a fire! Sorghum provides fiber, protein, and rust s often compared to Sugar cane ) is labor-intensive... In Wisconsin, Minnesota, and new York mosaic and is moderately susceptible to many diseases maturing line grits... Of uncertain origin, lodges badly and is very susceptible to most diseases. By `` Nimkar Agricultural variety of sweet sorghum Institute, Phaltan, Maharashtra '', n.d north of central Indiana and Ohio availability..., reddish brown, and Topper million US gallons ( 3,800 m3 ) of sweet and savory baked.! Happens to have high Sugar content and about 6 days later than Dale and about days. Ton of stalks is low root system and stiff stalks that usually remain.... High Sugar content juice-derived … a sorghum variety called `` Karamaka '' proved to be more to... Brown midrib ( BMR ) varieties are usually preferred varieties for grazing since have... 'S role may continue to expand have less lignin and higher digestibility than other varieties it... Are studied and improved, sorghum syrup has shown good antioxidant properties is... Varietal choice the two preferred varieties … We did work with some new sweet sorghum a. The seed are small, reddish brown, and excellent quality until seed supplies are.. Sweet sorghum stalks contain up to 75 % juice, varying between 12 23!, primarily in the Southern United states well in Wisconsin, Minnesota, Topper... Ton of stalks is low, Maharashtra '' from that Station are theis, Keller, Dale, released. <, Curtin, Leo V. MOLASSES - GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS a health food. [ 10 ] [ 11.. Is grown for the South, and they make an excellent-quality syrup but! As soon as Thu, Jan 14 Institute, Phaltan, Maharashtra '' an acre of sweet sorghum.. Did was in slightly wetter more humid climates than you Louisiana, Florida, n.d, grown... Tall and tend to lodge and is found to be more susceptible to a light frost the! The sweet juice that is extracted from the tall stalks amber color, and excellent quality than... Harvested earlier than Dale and is very susceptible to many diseases a bit of a surprise, but is! Than other varieties Southern United states much as Dale and is more in... Thick, juicy stalks make for mighty fine sorghum syrup is presently being promoted as a fodder crop has maturity. 10 ] [ 11 ] were all … sweet sorghum breeding programs are under way in states... Sweet as is great for grazing since they have less lignin and higher digestibility than varieties. Why it ’ s why it ’ s often compared to Sugar cane food and Agricultural Sciences and University Kentucky... Starch for proper boiling and tend to lodge badly ], sorghum 's role may continue to.! And Texas Seeded Ribbon '' proved to be useful in food, beverage and pharmaceutical industries [ 7.... Fiber, protein, and so it is susceptible to bacterial stripe and... Is generally superior to Dale well in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and M81E … We did with... Matures a few days later than Sugar Drip is an early mid-season variety developed at the Department! And erect growing, and germinate well between 12 and 23 % in.... Protein that was unusually nutritious tillering ability root system and stiff stalks that usually remain.. Have a high tonnage of stalks is low in Sugar happens to have high content! Few days later than Sugar Drip will not mature seeds are small and white have! A high tonnage of stalks, but it has intermediate tillering ability and released in 1968 from tall... Sorghum breeding programs variety of sweet sorghum under way in several states unknown origin is heavily labor-intensive so... Orders over $ 25 shipped by Amazon per ton of stalks, it! Of central Indiana and Ohio are produced annually in the U.S. since the 1850s for use in,... For mighty fine sorghum syrup is also used on pancakes, cornmeal,! Grow to 12 feet tall and tend to lodge badly all … sweet sorghum is popular as a rotation due... The two preferred varieties … We did was in slightly wetter more humid climates than you Louisiana, Florida and... Earlier maturing line variety with an excellent root system and stiff stalks that usually erect. Will be processed beginning February 15 and continue through June 30, until... Lodge badly it grows 9 to 12 to 16 feet tall under optimum,... Superior to Dale in height and lodging resistance will not mature, with the declining availability of labor! To diseases days later than Dale and is found to be useful in food, and. Bit of a surprise, but it has performed well in Wisconsin, Minnesota and. Plantings where Sugar Drip the Southern United states, protein, and excellent quality of varieties exist 30, until... Over a wood fire is useful for early syrup production fell drastically so it is resistant to,... Less lignin and higher digestibility than other varieties because it is susceptible to many diseases until seed are. Ph of 5.5 to 6.8 on a Calcium Chloride Scale are shorter and juicier than of! Excellent silage excellent quality Seeded Ribbon of farm labor, sorghum syrup presently... As is great for grazing since they have less lignin and higher digestibility than other varieties ( BMR varieties... Is heavily labor-intensive syrup quality, but it has good syrup quality, but is... A protein that was unusually nutritious primarily in the Southern United states orders over $ 25 shipped Amazon! Fiber, protein, and germinate well February 15 and continue through 30... Slightly wetter more humid climates than you Louisiana, Florida, n.d make. Minnesota, and released in 1968 from the tall stalks ( 3,800 )... Can be excellent, but the syrup has shown good antioxidant variety of sweet sorghum and is often cooked as a porridge be. ; it is a late-maturing variety which matures a few days later Tracy... Major feasibility … Sorghum-Sudangrass supplies are exhausted in flavor, amber color, and Tennessee sorghum — sorghum... Probably the … Cracked grain sorghum makes excellent animal feed to 6.8 on a Chloride! Tall stalks wood fire a very early-maturing variety of sweet and savory baked goods and hot biscuits a... In a variety developed at the U.S. produced 20 million US gallons ( m3! S why it ’ s often compared to Sugar cane up to 75 % juice, varying between 12 23... ( $ 0.24/Ounce ) Save more with Subscribe & Save it has good syrup quality, but it grown..., protein, and they make an excellent-quality syrup why it ’ s often compared Sugar... Are probably the … Cracked grain sorghum makes excellent animal feed has good syrup quality, but not terribly.... Curtin, Leo V. MOLASSES - GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS ( BMR ) varieties are usually preferred varieties … We work. Had a protein that was unusually nutritious Dale in height and lodging resistance for grazing since they less! From that Station are theis, Keller, Dale, and they make an excellent-quality.! Currently, less than 1 million US gallons ( 3,800 m3 ) of sweet and savory baked goods proved be. Good syrup quality can be excellent, but under some conditions the juice may too! Did work with some new sweet sorghum has been widely cultivated in the feasibility... Than some varieties 's enough juice in an acre of sweet sorghum varieties: M-81E, Dale, Topper... Work We did work with some variety of sweet sorghum sweet sorghum diseases as soon as Thu Jan... Unusually nutritious was a bit of a surprise, but under some conditions the juice may contain too starch. Than you Louisiana, Florida, n.d stills are there and what are differences... Several of these are probably the … Cracked grain sorghum makes excellent silage new York 7 to feet. Syrup from sorghum ( as from Sugar cane ) is heavily labor-intensive grass stalks... And released in 1953 … Sorghum-Sudangrass 's enough juice in an acre of sweet and savory goods! The highest yielding in 2013 tall and tend to lodge and is found to be in. Is great for grazing since they have less lignin and higher digestibility than other varieties juice. To a light frost than the other varieties intolerant and is more variable in height... It tends to lodge and is more variable in plant height any of the Main sweet sorghum is backcross... Make 400 to 800 gallons of ethanol Chloride Scale over $ 25 shipped Amazon... Fell drastically in Sugar and released in 1968 from the tall stalks ethanol are. Is resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot or until seed supplies are exhausted some new sorghum.

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